Archive for the ‘WWII’ category
On this date in 1945 the USS Indianapolis is sunk enroute to Leyte Gulf. Of the 1,196 aboard, only 316 remained alive when they were rescued from the water almost five days later. It marked the worst American naval disaster of World War II.
On this date in 1921 Adolf Hitler becomes Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party.
On this date in 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
On this date in 1945 the U.S., Britain, and China issue the Potsdam Declarion which gives an ultimatum to Japan: unconditionally surrender immediately, or face “prompt and utter destruction.” In Britain, Clement Atlee replaces Winston Churchill as Prime Minister.
On this date in 1947 President Truman’s National Security Act creates the U.S. Department of Defense.
On this date in 1943 Benito Mussolini’s fascist government is overthrown in Italy. The new Italian government begins peace talks.